The seeding of creative education at both basic and advanced levels is critical to the cultivation of civil society, exchange and debate. This panel looks at education as a process, not in terms of specific outcomes. The lack of cohesive infrastructure across the Middle East has resulted in a multiplicity of alternative forms of education: individual initiatives, self-starting residencies, art academies, the training of artists and the development of artistic practice. What is the role of patronage in developing and sustaining such initiatives? How can artists and patrons attempt to work within a fragmented environment of formal education in the region? What is in store for patrons, and what are they learning from their initiatives? What does educational patronage offer in comparison to patronage as a form of collecting? How can organisations create opportunities for patrons to develop a stronger connection to their work and a deeper understanding of the long-term benefits of private support? How can digital platforms be conducive to exchange where educational provision is low but can be accessed online? How can patronage be better coordinated to address pan-regional concerns regarding education, especially when governments work at a very local level?